Fernandina Beach is a city in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America, on Amelia Island. It is among Florida’s northernmost cities. The area was first inhabited by the Timucuan Indian tribe. Known as the “Isle of 8 Flags”, it has had the flags of the following nations flown over it since 1562: France, Spain, Great Britain, Spain (again), the Patriots of Amelia Island, the Green Cross of Florida, Mexico, the Confederate States of America, and the United States. It is the only municipality in the United States that has flown eight different national flags.
According to the 2010 census, the city population was 11,487. It is the county seat of Nassau County.
As of the census of 2010, there were 11,487 people, 5,176 households, and 3,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,031.8 people per square mile (397.9/km2). There were 7,064 housing units at an average density of 449.9 per square mile (173.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.4% White, 11.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.3% of the population.
Out of 4,789 households 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of householders living alone and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.65.
In the city the population was spread out with 16.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 20 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,954, and the median income for a family was $61,523. Males had a median income of $42,188 versus $35,934 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,019. About 16% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.
Amelia Island’s Victorian-style mansions, historic shopping district and seaport village make this destination a charming vacation spot for families. Home to Fernandina Beach, Amelia Island is only 30 minutes away from Jacksonville International Airport.
Escape the everyday world and find inspiration in our peaceful, relaxed seaport community. Located just off the coast of northeast Florida, Amelia Island is easy to reach, but hard to forget. With 13-miles of beautiful beaches, abundant native wildlife, and pristine waters, this barrier island has long been a beloved destination for visitors and residents alike. For the seventh consecutive year, Amelia was voted among Top 10 North American Islands by Conde Nast Traveler’s Reader’s Choice Awards.
It’s easy to dig deep into Amelia Island’s past thanks to a treasure trove of history, heritage, and attractions. With 400+ years of recorded history under eight flags, this island is especially historical place that, “The French visited, the Spanish developed, the English named, and the Americans tamed.” And did we mention pirates?
The eight flags flown over the island included those from: France; Spain (many periods); England; the Patriots of Amelia Island; the Green Cross (raised by a self-proclaimed ruler); Mexico (the Mexican Rebel flag); the Confederate States of America, and the United States (from 1821 to present, with the exception of about a year during the Civil War when the Confederate flag flew over the island).
To learn more, the Amelia Island Museum of History is a great place to start any exploration of the island’s intriguing history. It’s situated in the heart of town in Nassau County’s historic jail, showcasing more than 4,000 years of natural and human history with historic artifacts plus an array of displays and photography that highlight the area’s history.
Walking in and around historic Fernandina Beach is perhaps one of the best ways to explore the island’s history. Many of the buildings are on the National Register (as is the entire 50-block Historic District) and several historic homes now operate as bed and breakfast inns.